Gathering the results of the three reports produced by Work Package 1 (WP1) of the MEDRESET project, which assess the EU’s constructions of the Mediterranean in the years 1970–1989, 1990–2002 and 2003–2017 respectively, this report provides a critical analysis of three major discourses that the EU-Europe employs regarding the Mediterranean: “the Mediterranean as a diverse geopolitical space”, “the Mediterranean as a dangerous space” and “the Mediterranean as a space crucial for EU interests”. The major argument of the report is that the EU’s approach to this space constructs identities, and, while constructing the Mediterranean, the EU also draws boundaries, reproduces its own self and legitimizes its policies.